There is also another genus of quail, the Mountain quail (Oreortyx pictus). The Scaled quail is a ground-dwelling bird of the southwestern desert grasslands of the United States. âIn a normal year, this area can be excellent for bobwhites and OK for scaled quail. This information was derived from field personnel. Vagrants are unlikely to occur, so range will be a reliable clue to identification, but in order to work out the range weâll have to identify a lot of birdsâ¦ Males of the two forms of Scaled Quail found in the US: pale-bellied subspecies pallida and hargravei (left) in most of the species' rangeâ¦ Concentration Areas are defined as areas where Scaled Quail are known to concentrate; quail sightings and signs of quail activity are more frequent in these areas than in their overall range. It has formed several subspecies, 3 of which range into the USA: Callipepla squamata squamata (Vigors, 1830) (Altiplano Scaled Quail These small galliformes natural range include Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma and western and central Texas into Mexico to Jalisco, Guanajuato, Queretaru, Hidalgo, and Tamaulipas. The scaled or blue quailâs range goes from central Mexico through to West Texas, westernmost Oklahoma, eastern Arizona, most of New Mexico, and southernmost Colorado. The Scaled Quail occupied a wider range during the drier conditions of the last ice age, inhabiting also areas northwest of its present range up to the Colorado River (Rea, 1973). In speaking with other researchers, Iâve learned that Scaled Quailâs range has been slowly contracting to the west. Historically, Scaled Quail were in Taylor County. It is a member of the New World quail family, and it is also commonly called as Blue quail or Cottontop.It is an early offshoot of the genus Callipepla, diverging in the Pliocene. Bobwhite populations are not booming here, but the cover is more consistent than some of the secondary range.â In addition, Gorman suggests the extreme southeastern Baca County. Scaled Quail have been kept in captivity for several decades. I have talked to ranchers that are familiar with the species and have encountered groups (known as coveys) of quail while out hunting as recently as the 1990âs.