Sugar Maple is the best of all the woodcuts. They can draw inspiration from our many indigenous maples: silver maple, red maple, striped maple, bigleaf maple. Forgive Canada’s graphic designers for the blunder of depicting a Norway maple on a cereal box or a beer case: Most of these people probably live in cities. Snap a petiole (leaf stem) in half. If the sap is clear, it’s a sugar maple; if the sap is milky, it’s a Norway maple. Mr. Davies received funding from Google’s Sidewalk Labs to develop a travelling gallery of native tree saplings, to teach tree literacy. Break a Norway maple leaf petiole (stem) and the sap is white. The Norway maple leaf bottom is straighter but it goes down at an angle. planted in urban areas: Acer rubrum. Chickadees living among non-native trees find fewer of the caterpillars that their babies like to eat, and produce fewer young or do not reproduce at all. It can range form yellow-green to a … Thank you for your patience. Some thought it was a sugar maple, but it probably was a Norway maple. But consider the havoc that invasive species in general – such as dog-strangling vines, garlic mustard plants and the Norway maple in particular – are wreaking in our ravines and forests. Planners favoured the Norways in part because caterpillars shun their waxy leaves. This is a space where subscribers can engage with each other and Globe staff. Break a Sugar Maple petiole and sap is clear. If you break off a leaf from both trees during growing season the Norway maple will give a white milky sap. saccharum) saplings in the same area. The 5 lobed leaves are dark green in summer. But the Norway maple does not symbolize diversity: it conquers ecosystems, developing an impenetrable monoculture. Smaller companies such as Ontario Aluminum and Glass paint Norway leaves on their trucks; even historic logos for Canadian National Railways and the hallowed Toronto Maple Leafs feature what look suspiciously like Norway maples. Leaf: Bud: Seed: 1: Acer campestre Hedge maple: 2: Acer circinatum ... Norway maple: 11: Acer platanoides 'Crimson King' 12: Acer pseudoplatanus ... Acer rubrum Red maple: 14: Acer saccharinum Silver maple: 15: Acer saccharum Sugar maple: Return to Hort 231 or to Plant List 4. The leaf margins tell the main story: sugar maples have smooth edges while red maples are toothed or serrated. Norway Maple vs Red Maple. A difference in leaf damage would indicate a possible competitive edge of the Norway … Please just stop using Norway maples as a symbol of Canada. In these troubled times, the sugar maple emerges as a symbol of collaboration. The multicoloured, many-pointed leaf that designers created for Canada’s 150th birthday in 2017 resembled, you guessed it, a Norway maple leaf. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 40 m (131 ft) high. It only differs because it usually does not grow in the same range. Monocultures are inherently unstable. Sugar maples, meanwhile, play well with others; a mixed, biodiverse forest is a healthy place. Norway maple is sometimes confused with our native sugar maple (Acer saccharum) and so here are a few distinguishing characteristics that can be used to tell the two apart. There are about 128 species of maple trees in the Acer plant genus. (Perhaps he was feeling a tad defensive; the newspaper he wrote in, the National Post, uses a Norway maple leaf in its logo.) The bigger Norway maple leaf sports seven lobes. The other way is in the terminal buds. The newer sugar maples (Autumn Blaze, Glory, etc.) The Bank of Canada raised ire years ago when purists noticed that the new polymer banknotes featured Norway maple leaves. Leaves are slightly broader than those of sugar maple. Click below to sign up for updates on our activities, topical tree news and planting tips! The Norway Maple’s terminal bud and associated stem is larger than the Sugar Maple’s. Simple leaves in pairs (opposite); 3 to 6 inches long. Fall color is not reliable. Get the Opinion newsletter. Norway Maple is a tolerant and adaptable shade tree. DISCLAIMER: Maple Leaves Forever and its support staff are not responsible for the use, misuse, or damage caused by application or misapplication of information mentioned anywhere on our website or application materials. We hope to have this fixed soon. Of course you can collect the sap in the late winter/early spring. The leaf of Canada’s national tree, the sugar maple (which graces our flag) features three wider lobes (or main points) each with a few irregular wavy teeth, plus two one-point lobes near the stem. 13 beautiful species of maple trees how to identify maple sycamore and sweetgum leaves sycamore maple acer pseudoplat 3 ways to identify a sycamore tree wikihow. Studies show that native insects, birds and mammals do not thrive in Norway maple forests, which become green deserts. It’s as though the U.S. Treasury slipped up and printed King George III on the dollar bill, instead of George Washington, because they wore similar hair. Canada Post has featured Norway maple leaves on its stamps. Avoid the use of toxic and offensive language. Look around you, and you’ll notice the Norway maple has opened another front in this conflict: taking root as the default image on countless products of companies which, inadvertently it seems, adopt the usurper as a symbol of their Canadian bona fides. Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture. 351 King Street East, Suite 1600, Toronto, ON Canada, M5A 0N1, Just $1.99 per week for the first 24 weeks, var select={root:".js-sub-pencil",control:".js-sub-pencil-control",open:"o-sub-pencil--open",closed:"o-sub-pencil--closed"},dom={},allowExpand=!0;function pencilInit(o){var e=arguments.length>1&&void 0!==arguments[1]&&arguments[1];select.root=o,dom.root=document.querySelector(select.root),dom.root&&(dom.control=document.querySelector(select.control),dom.control.addEventListener("click",onToggleClicked),setPanelState(e),window.addEventListener("scroll",onWindowScroll),dom.root.removeAttribute("hidden"))}function isPanelOpen(){return dom.root.classList.contains(}function setPanelState(o){dom.root.classList[o?"add":"remove"](,dom.root.classList[o? If you have a known sugar or Norway maple leaf for comparison, you’ll also see that the leaves of a Norway maple are broader compared to their height than those of sugar maple. I have had several nice Norway maple … Follow topics and authors relevant to your reading interests. Click here to subscribe. Norway Maple is frequent in urban areas where it is planted as a street tree or invasive in vacant lots. We aim to create a safe and valuable space for discussion and debate. Doug Tallamy, a professor of entomology at the University of Delaware’s College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, discovered that chickadee nestlings, for example, eat at least 6,000 caterpillars, all foraged within 50 metres of their nest, before they fledge. Know your trees – Native Sugar Maple vs Non-Native Norway Maple Posted by MLF Webmaster on March 14, 2019. Moosehead, a lager brewed in Saint John, trumpets on its beer cases: “Founded in 1867, we were born with Canada,” below a drawing of what can only be a Norway maple leaf. City forestry departments across North America planted Norways for decades because the species, known by the Latin name Acer platanoides, tolerates concrete, soil compaction, pollution, salt and other indignities of urban life. If you are confused and cannot decide whether to plant Sugar Maple or Norway Maple here are Every gardener wants to keep bugs at bay. It has the typical Maple Leaf that most people think, the same one that’s on the Canadian flag. One can see the appeal. Get out a magnifying glass, flip a leaf over, and look along the major veins on the underside of a leaf. If you would like to write a letter to the editor, please forward it to The Norway maple is a hardy tree that thrives much better than our domestic sugar maple in harsh urban conditions. A problem soon arises, however, because if trees are free of bugs, birds find little to eat – and flee the neighbourhood. The base of the sugar maple leaf is more curving then Noway maple. at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy. Maroon colored scales overlap and form a rounded end on the Norway Maple’s terminal bud. The black maple is a large, deciduous tree 60 to 80 ft in height with a dense, rounded crown and a straight trunk up to 4 ft in diameter. As we approach Canada Day, it is time to say: enough is enough. Eric Davies, a PhD candidate in forestry at the University of Toronto, has warned for years of the perils of Norway maples. Combine that with plummeting levels of ecological literacy in recent decades, and it’s no wonder many people can’t tell a Norway maple from a sugar maple, let alone which is which. Virginia Lohr, Professor, E-mail: It got me thinking and observing. Non-subscribers can read and sort comments but will not be able to engage with them in any way. Forests Ontario, for whom I consult, offers the Tree Bee competition; grade-school contestants face off in, among other tests, a tree-identification showdown. Many maple trees live in the forests that line the valley and bluff of the Illinois River. Whats people lookup in this blog: Sycamore Tree Leaf Vs Maple In a crowning indignity, the leaves of green Norway maples do not turn red in the fall; typically they develop black spots before they turn yellow and fall off. Globe & Mail article about invasive Norway Maple – and MLF’s response, Gypsy Moth Update โ€“ Informative Webinar and Collecting Egg Masses Contest, MLF Supports Special HOH planting in Trenton, Fall Update from our Executive Director, Deb Pella Keen. Norway maple matches hard sugar maple very well, but there are grain differences, faint but there, so subtle many people will never notice. That means: Comments that violate our community guidelines will be removed. Mr. Tallamy noted that while Norway maples provide a yard with a quick-growing source of foliage, they do not harbour much food for other wildlife. striped maple: low elevation mountain forests: Acer platanoides. Distinguishing tip: Break a Norway maple leaf petiole (stem) and the sap is white. red maple. Read our, I'm a print subscriber, link to my account, Read more about following topics and authors. Designers need not limit themselves to the sugar maple leaf, however. Norway maple leaves are usually broader than they are long, while sugar maple leaves are generally longer than wide. © Copyright 2020 The Globe and Mail Inc. All rights reserved. Readers can also interact with The Globe on Facebook and Twitter . Norway maple. Keep your Opinions sharp and informed. If you are looking to give feedback on our new site, please send it along to, To view this site properly, enable cookies in your browser. The tree likes Sun to half-shade,brown leaf margins indicate a lack of water. I have noticed a lot of yellow foliage on sugar maples this year. Collect, quantify, and analyze leaf damage of the two plants. The leaves are lobed and the flowers are yellow. Many times I cannot tell. The sugar maple is most easily identified by clear sap in the leaf petiole (the Norway maple has white sap), brown, sharp-tipped buds (the Norway maple has blunt, green or reddish-purple buds), and shaggy bark on older trees (the Norway maple bark has small grooves). But graphic designers are not helping matters. The Sugar Maple is botanically called Acer saccharum . All of this might seem a nerdy, academic discussion. Acer nigrum black maple: moist riverbottoms: Acer pensylvanicum. Peter Kuitenbrouwer is a journalist and holds a master’s degree in forest conservation from the University of Toronto. The leaf of Canada’s national tree, the sugar maple (which graces our flag) features three wider lobes (or main points) each with a few irregular wavy teeth, plus two one-point lobes near the stem. Years ago, one newspaper columnist suggested that, as a nation of immigrants, we ought to embrace the Norway maple, an imported tree species, as a national symbol. They are mainly confused due to being common and often occurring in … In another post, someone asked about a maple. These artists simply can’t contain themselves, maybe because a leaf with more spiky points sticking out of it looks more dramatic than a leaf with fewer points. The bud at the end of a branch on Norway maple is sort-of 'sceptre' like. The yolks in the sugar maple are brown-grey and pointed. Not sure? Check out our previous email Newsletters. Dalhousie University have sought to banish the tree from its campus; the City of Montreal has targeted Norway maples for removal on Mount Royal; in New York, Central Park Conservancy gardeners pull up seedlings when they spot them. Note: Norway Maple will sucker with age. Maple Leaves Forever, 160 Thermos Road, Toronto, ON M1L 4W2. Sign up today. The three lobes of a sugar maple’s leaf are separated by smooth, U-shaped valleys – think U as in sUgar. 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The tipping point for me came at breakfast the other morning, when I noticed that Post Foods Canada Inc., on its Shredded Wheat cereal box, boasts, “Prepared in Canada” – next to a rendering of a red Norway maple leaf. The sugar maple tree (Acer saccharum) grows abundantly in the northeastern part of North America: the northeastern United States (including as far south as Tennessee) and the southeastern portion of Canada.Sugar maples produce strong timber and yield maple syrup, and both commodities contribute considerably to the economy of the region. If you have a known sugar or Norway maple leaf for comparison, you’ll also see that the leaves of a Norway maple are broader compared to their height than those of sugar maple. This is a space where subscribers can engage with each other and Globe staff. Let’s recall that Canada’s First Nations taught the early Europeans to tap the sugar maple, Acer saccharum, for syrup. Studies on Montreal’s Mount Royal, where sugar maples have long dominated, show that three of every four new seedlings is a Norway maple. Much too late, planners discovered the troubling truth: the Norway maple is an aggressive invader. Once in a while there are slight brown flecks which are more common in soft maple varieties. The red maple’s lobes, meanwhile, are … Contact: | 1 (888) 223-9181 (toll-free voicemail) The Sugar Maple’s smaller and more numerous brown scales shingle its firm conical tip which feels sharply pointed when pressed with a finger. In its shade, other species, such as native oaks, pines or maples, cannot establish themselves or grow. In many cities, Norway maple trees are a far more common sight than sugar maples; they are the most common street tree in Toronto, for example. … Canada’s central bank has plenty of company. Only Norway maple trees ooze a white milky latex when you snap off a leaf. Vine maple leaf; Sugar maple leaf; Silver maple leaf; Bigleaf maple leaf; Crimson king maple leaf; Norway maple leaf; Box elder maple leaf April (2) March (5) January (1) 2011 (22) November (1) October (2) May (7) April (9) March (3) The two most common maples are the sugar maple (Acer saccharum) and the red maple (Acer rubrum).Other popular varieties of maple trees for gardens are the Amur Maple (Acer ginnala), Big Leaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum), and the Hedge Maple tree (Acer campestre).The most famous product from maple trees is the sweet maple … platanoides)saplings would show less leaf damage than sugar maple (Acer . Black Maple is necessarily the same tree as Sugar Maple. Both have leaves with 5 pointed lobes, but if you look closely the very tip of the leaves, that of the sugar maple is rounded while that of the Norway maple is finely pointed. The tree takes over forests, spreading thick leaves that open first and fall last. Welcome to The Globe and Mail’s comment community. very shade tolerant and can out-compete native trees, such as Sugar Maple and Red Oak; leaf out is early in spring and leaf drop is late in the fall giving Norway Maple a … It's also not a good idea to plant it under power lines. Based on the results of a study in a New Jersey natural area, there is concern that in forests managed for native vegetation, Norway Maple will reproduce more vigorously than the native Sugar Maple, and therefore, may out compete Sugar Maple and native, understory herbs and shrubs as well. Sugar Maple. Even the much-maligned Manitoba maple, often considered a weed tree, is domestic – and an excellent source of pollen and nectar for bees in the spring. Norway Maple Norway maple and red maple are easy to distinguish at any time of year. Break a Sugar Maple petiole and sap is clear. If you look at them side by side, Norway maple (Acer platanoides) has shallower sinuses between the leaf lobes, whereas in Sugar maple (Acer saccharum) they are deeper and more pronounced. At our home in Toronto, we inherited Norway maples in the yard; while we enjoy the shade, the trees’ insatiable roots have killed any grass that was there, and our vegetable garden struggles under the Norways’ dense canopy. We will only email you 3 - 4 times year. That ecological bully does not represent the best part of our nature. How can we teach Canadians to recognize and celebrate our native trees? Also, Norway maple leaves have more lobes, typically five to seven, compared with the sugar maple’s three to five, and the indented portion between the lobes of sugar maple will be more rounded. All About Maples News Planting Advice Here is how you tell the leaves apart. This is probably why it is the most popularly planted boulevard tree in North America. Campaigns to repel the invader abound. Although Google has abandoned its Toronto Quayside development project, Mr. Davies says his gallery will go ahead. But it’s slow going. Welcome to The Globe and Mail’s comment community. If it sweet then it is sugar maple. Hypothesis: Norway maple (Acer .

norway maple leaf vs sugar maple leaf

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