They are found in dense cylindrical Spikes (simple indeterminate inflorescence with sessile flowers on a single unbranched stalk) that are up to 10cm long. Lawrence, G. H. M, 1951. The Apex is blunt, notched or rounded and may have a fine, twisted, hair-like tip (photo 116). The 4 free, very short, hairless Petals are obovate (the reverse of ovate, the terminal half broader than the basal). According to Herero storytellers it was out of the first Omumborombonga tree that the first human beings (a man and a woman) came forth. It is called the leadwood (Combretum imberbe) in English as its wood is the heaviest in the world. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. petersii (Klotzsch) Engl. Each flower is bisexual and actinomorphic (Regular, symmetrical. The silvery-green leaves are unusually small for a Combretum. Struik, Cape Town. Hardy, huge, deciduous tree which can grow to tremendous old age. A medium to large tree between 7 and 15 m in height, occurring at medium to low altitudes, in mixed woodlands. Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. • The wood is dense and very hard, difficult to plane, but drills, sands and turns well. The snakeskin-like bark is one of the main features that make identification easier throughout the season. Common names: Hardekool, Elephant Trunk, Tusk Tree, Ivory tree, Ironwood, Bastard Yellow Wood, Leadwood. Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lotter, M.C. Wetland Status. Flora and Fauna Publications Trust, Durban. Leadwood Tree or Ivory Tree, Combretum imberbe, is a tropical, slow-growing, deciduous tree of about 21 m tall. Your email address will not be published. This is a protected tree in the RSA. The simple, oblong leaves are arranged oppositely and silvery grey in colour with red scales. & Diels, Combretum primigenum Engl. More Accounts and Images; ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (COIM2) Wildlife. In the RSA, there are 5 genera and 41 species. This may refer to the relatively few hairs on the leaves. Summary Table Jump to Category:Creeper Grasses Palm Shrub Succulent Tree Category Common Name Genus… © West Penn Hardwoods 2020. Pooley’s Trees of eastern South Africa. The simple, oblong leaves are arranged oppositely and silvery grey in colour with red scales. Related Links. Excessive harvesting of these trees may be a future concern. The magnificent leadwood is a medium to large, semi-deciduous tree, which grows up to 20 m in height. The flowers are yellowish-green in loose spikes and with four wings. Food. There are usually twice the number of stamens as sepals or petals. Combretum imberbe (Combretaceae). & Schmidt, E. 2018. This, the tallest of the Combretum species, is very slow growing. Coates Palgrave, M. 2002. It has a spreading canopy and is extremely slow growing. Branches are reddish brown to light grey. Latin: Combretum imberbe Origin: From South Africa to Tanzania. The wings are papery and develop from the ovary wall). Its bark cracks in rectangular flakes and the young branches and twigs have hard spines. They are greyish green above and lighter below (photo 942). Firewood and construction wood ranked as the most important tree products used. 2004. The many fruits are usually up to 1,5cm long but might be slightly longer. The inferior Ovary has 1 locule and usually only 1 of the ovules develops into a seed. Its heartwood is a robust medium to dark brown (sometimes with a reddish tint), and is known to darken with age; sapwood is pale yellow. Schmidt, S. Lotter, M. & McCleland, W. 2002. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Stipules (basal appendages of the petiole) are absent. & van Wyk, P. 1997 Field guide to Trees of Southern Africa. The boiled Roots can be used to tan leather. Dead branches tend to remain on the tree. Species Description So named for its significant weight and density, this South African wood is seldom seen in the US in lumber form. Trees of southern Africa. In this family, there are about 16 genera, which contain about 530 species. The 4 Sepals are ovate to triangular. The Petiole (leaf stalk) is up to 1cm long but usually about half this length. The smallish – up to 8 x 3cm (usually smaller) leaves are simple (have a single blade which may have incisions that are not deep enough to divide the leaf into leaflets). It is very dense which makes it great for turning and polishes well. ... At 1180 kg/m3 leadwood is the heaviest wood on earth, a fact referred to by the English common name. Leadwood is generally available in smaller turning stock and is very durable. Struik, Cape Town. The wood is durable but is difficult to work. In the RSA, there are 5 genera and 41 species. Boon, R. 2010. p1645. The leaves are eaten as green vegetable. Combretum imberbe is a hardy, slow growing, bulky, deciduous tree which can grow to tremendous old age. It makes fine fencing standards, mine props and railway sleepers. One of these is called leadwood or wawra (Combretum imberbe), a member of the Combretaceae. Concern has been expressed about excessive harvesting of this tree. Elephant eat both leaves and young branches. The Roman naturalist Pliny (the Elder), who died observing the eruption of Vesuvius in AD 79, wrote about a plant called Combretum. ... Combretum imberbe. The bole, which is usually crooked, can be up to 100cm in diameter [ 299 Protabase - … Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. The fruit eventually becomes brown or straw-coloured. The Ash has been used for toothpaste and as a substitute for whitewash. Leadwood Tree or Ivory Tree, Combretum imberbe, is a tropical, slow-growing, deciduous tree of about 21 m tall. Tenth Printing 1965. Young plants are sensitive to frost but are drought resistant. This usually single stemmed Tree may become large – up to 20m+ high with a grey-green appearance (photo 13). Young Branches have opposite twigs, which may be spine-tipped and possess reddish scales (photo 112 under Leaves). South Africa north to Tanzania. Several plant parts are used in traditional med… Combretum imberbe belongs to the Combretaceae family, which comprises a total of 20 genera and 500 species in the tropics and subtropics of the world. Each fruit contains a single Seed. The tree is not fire resistant and may blaze to full destruction. Its heartwood is a robust medium to dark brown (sometimes with a reddish tint), and is known to darken with age; sapwood is pale yellow. These Tree are common in alluvial soil in the bushveld (a sub-tropical woodland ecoregion of southern Africa) up to an altitude of 1 200m. The silvery-green leaves are unusually small for a Combretum. It is very dense which makes it great for turning and polishes well. It may also damage tools used to cut and shape it. Weighing 1,130kg/m3 at a SG of 12% the timber is hard, heavy and durable. (Bushwlillow family). It has an inferior Ovary with a single Style. The Leadwood Tree (Combretum imberbe) News - Environment | 2015-01-15 Page no: 8. Family: Combretaceae. Each spike may bear up to 30 flowers. imberbe – beardless / lack of hairs. The Base is broadly to narrowly tapering and may be asymmetric. They are also known as Ahnenbaum in German, hardekool in Afrikaans as well as its Herero name. The Herero and Ovambo regard this as an ancestral tree from which animals and people came. Combretum imberbe Wawra. Conservation: National Status: L C. (Least Concern). It needs sharp tools. Join our email list for product updates and other news. The preferred plant species included: Julbernardia globiflora (Mutondo); Brachystegia spiciformis (Musasa); Terminalia sericea (Mususu); Brachystegia boehmii (Mupfuti); Combretum imberbe (Mutsviri); Combretum molle (Mubondo) and Burkea africana (Mukarati). The trunk is up to 1,5m wide. Leadwood is known for its hard and heavy wood, which is sometimes used for interior decoration purposes. Combretum imberbe has a non-aggressive root system and can be planted in larger gardens. Accessed on 2020/11/30. Sapwood is thin and light coloured, whereas the hard heartwood is dark and has an attractive grain. The initially pale yellowish green Fruit is a small Samara (a dry, indehiscent winged fruit. Previous Names: Combretum primigenum. Publishing Print Matters (Pty) Ltd.  Noordhoek, Cape Town. The results are discussed in the context of sustainable use of the plants by resource poor farmers. Combretum imberbe is the tallest of all the South African combretums. Interpreting Wetland Status. There seems to be scope for considerable doubt as to what he meant by this name, as Smith & Stearn (1963) indicate a climber of unspecified identity, and Lewis & Short (1879) suggest a rush, possibly Juncus maximus. Assessors: 2005 (W. Foden and L. Potter). The pale Bark can be almost white, to dark grey (photos 87 & 358). These slow growing trees mature as magnificent specimens with a greyish appearance and a spreading canopy. of Combretum imberbe wood ashes at 2% and 5% w/w was included. Its bark cracks in rectangular flakes and the young branches and twigs have hard spines. Other uses include fence poles, mine props, knobkerries, railway-sleepers, mortars for stamping grain. All rights reserved. Grain PatternKnots and other grain irregularities not uncommon, ColorRich, reddish brown to dark brown, contrasting pale yellow sapwood. This slow growing Tree with its dense wood is the tallest Combretum and may reach 20+m high. Combretum imberbe has greyish colored leaves and a neat up-right trunk. Can't Find That Perfect Wood Slab? While most of the species in the combretum family are small to medium sized trees or shrubs, the Leadwood is one of the largest trees in Africa, capable of attaining a height of 20 meters. Fruit is a 4-winged, indehiscent samara. Combretum imberbe Wawra var. Name derivation: Combretum – climbing plant. It … The simple and usually entire Leaves lack stipules.

combretum imberbe wood

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